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Bell Laboratories Transistor Water Tower in Holmdel, New Jersey
Dec 03, 2021 | Atlas Obscura
Picture - Bell Laboratories Transistor Water Tower in Holmdel, New Jersey

This water tower commemorates the invention of the transistor in 1947. The transistor was invented by William Shockley with his assistants John Bardeen and Walter Brattain.

Bell Labs immediately recognized how important the transistor was. It was more dependable than the vacuum tube, produced less heat, and was cheaper. AT&T immediately began replacing its vacuum tubes with new devices, allowing clearer conversations with less static, and more dependable components.

Early computers like the ENIAC with its 18,000 vacuum tubes were down almost half the time due to tube failures. New minicomputers could now be made and IBM, a calculating machine and tabulating company started building computers.  Radios could now be made portable and car radios became common. The transistor also became the heart of the integrated circuit and of the computers and mobile devices we use today.

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