Some automated insulin delivery systems currently in development add glucagon and/or pramlintide to insulin, but whether the extra hormones are worth the additional cost and effort is a subject of debate.

Also called closed-loop or artificial pancreas systems, they are comprised of an insulin pump and a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) that communicate via a built-in algorithm to deliver insulin based on glucose levels. Currently available systems are called hybrid closed-loops because they still require user input for meals, exercise, illness, and other special circumstances.

Two hybrid closed-loop systems available in the United States, the Medtronic Minimed 670G and the Tandem Control-IQ, as well as the Medtronic Minimed 780G that was just approved in Europe, use insulin only.

Of all ongoing active closed-loop clinical studies, 44 involve insulin-only systems, as of May 2020.

More in category

Andrea Mitchell on Ginsburg's conquering spirit
September 18, 2020MSN
Andrea Mitchell on Ginsburg's conquering spirit
Ruth Bader Ginsberg Dies from Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer—Here's What That Means
September 18, 2020MSN
Ruth Bader Ginsberg Dies from Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer—Here's What That Means
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's Husband and Children Are Part of Her Historic Legacy
September 18, 2020MSN
Ruth Bader Ginsburg's Husband and Children Are Part of Her Historic Legacy
This Vitamin C Drink Gives Me a Much-Needed Boost, and It Tastes Like a Creamsicle
September 18, 2020MSN
This Vitamin C Drink Gives Me a Much-Needed Boost, and It Tastes Like a Creamsicle
How Donald Trump & Joe Biden Mourned Ruth Bader Ginsburg: an 'Amazing Woman' & 'American Hero'
September 18, 2020MSN
How Donald Trump & Joe Biden Mourned Ruth Bader Ginsburg: an 'Amazing Woman' & 'American Hero'
Joe Biden Says Ruth Bader Ginsburg's Seat Should Not Be Filled Till After Election
September 18, 2020MSN
Joe Biden Says Ruth Bader Ginsburg's Seat Should Not Be Filled Till After Election
Peru President, Martín Vizcarra, Survives Impeachment Vote
September 18, 2020The NY Times
Peru President, Martín Vizcarra, Survives Impeachment Vote
BREAKING NEWS: Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg DEAD
September 18, 2020MSN
BREAKING NEWS: Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg DEAD
This Vitamin C Drink Gives Me a Much-Needed Boost, and It Tastes Like Creamsicle
September 18, 2020MSN
This Vitamin C Drink Gives Me a Much-Needed Boost, and It Tastes Like Creamsicle
It's Impossible To Focus On Work When The World Is On Fire
September 18, 2020MSN
It's Impossible To Focus On Work When The World Is On Fire
Nurse Helps Terminally Ill Father with Cancer Fly to See His Son Play Football for a Final Time
September 18, 2020MSN
Nurse Helps Terminally Ill Father with Cancer Fly to See His Son Play Football for a Final Time
Pregnant women with coronavirus may experience premature births, CDC says
September 18, 2020MSN
Pregnant women with coronavirus may experience premature births, CDC says
So, What Exactly Happens When You Stop Taking A Probiotic?
September 18, 2020mindbodygreen
So, What Exactly Happens When You Stop Taking A Probiotic?
EMA Backs Dexamethasone for Severe COVID-19 After Data Review
September 17, 2020Medscape
EMA Backs Dexamethasone for Severe COVID-19 After Data Review
4 ways to stop vomiting depending on what's causing it
September 18, 2020MSN
4 ways to stop vomiting depending on what's causing it
How Exactly Does a Fitness Tracker Monitor Your Heart Health?
September 18, 2020MSN
How Exactly Does a Fitness Tracker Monitor Your Heart Health?
Medicare Will Test Pay Models for Radiation Oncology, Dialysis
September 17, 2020Medscape
Medicare Will Test Pay Models for Radiation Oncology, Dialysis
What You Need to Know About Early Menopause
September 18, 2020MSN
What You Need to Know About Early Menopause
Antidepressants for Dementia Prevention?
September 17, 2020Medscape
Antidepressants for Dementia Prevention?
How We Survive the Winter
September 18, 2020MSN
How We Survive the Winter
Covid-19 Adds Complications to Portland-Area Firefighting Efforts
September 18, 2020The NY Times
Covid-19 Adds Complications to Portland-Area Firefighting Efforts