No one wants to land in the ER. But may have heard that there are worse times of year to end up in a hospital for an emergency.

Some medical experts believe that July is the most dangerous time to be treated in a hospital. It's even been dubbed the "July effect," explains Anthony Kouri, MD, orthopedic surgeon at Northwestern Medicine. In July, new medical graduates start their first year of residency or intern year. In addition, current residents move into roles with greater responsibilities, Kouri says. Together, these facts have led to the common belief that hospitals are teeming with inexperience during the month of July.

But, the truth isn't exactly cut and dried. Daniel H. Pink addressed the July effect in his book, When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing: "Patients suffered from this on-the-job training—and July was the cruelest month." Citing research published in 2007 in the Annals of Surgery, Pink notes that "patients in July and August had a 41 percent greater chance of dying in surgery than patients did in April and May."

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