A Buffer Zone controlled by the United Nations cuts across the entirety of the island of Cyprus, dividing the country's population in two, with ethnic Greek Cypriots in the south and ethnic Turkish Cypriots in the north. Also called "the Green Line," this demilitarized zone was established in its current form in 1974, following the ceasefire after the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.

Although this Buffer Zone runs all the way through the country, the section dividing the capital city of Nicosia is the most palpable, as all roads running on a north-south axis come to a dead end. At times, they terminate with a passport checkpoint; others end with fortified guard huts; and rarely, but surely, some sections are badly fenced and unguarded, tempting short, forbidden visits within the UN-patrolled no man's land. 

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