George Eliot (the pen name for Mary Ann Evans) was an English Victorian novelist and journalist who often explored aspects of human psychology in her works.

In 1850, Eliot began contributing to the Westminster Review, and later became its editor. While working there, she met many notable literary figures. One of them was George Henry Lewes, a brilliant philosopher and literary critic with whom she began a long-lasting relationship.

Lewes encouraged Eliot to write more, and in 1859 she published her first novel Adam Bede. Although Evans was already a respected writer, she chose to publish the novel pseudonymously to ensure her works were taken seriously in an era when female authors were unheard or ridiculed.